Home > States of India > Jammu Kashmir
Capital : Summer(May-October)- Srinagar, Winters (November-April)- Jammu
languages: Urdu, Kashmiri, Hindi, Dogri, Pahari, Ladakhi,
Geography of Jammu & Kashmir Jammu & Kashmir is anchored amid 32.17 amount and 36.58 amount arctic breadth and 37.26 amount and 80.30 amount east longitude. The absolute breadth of the Accompaniment is 222,236 sq. kms including 78,114 sq kms beneath the actionable activity of Pakistan and 42,685 sq kms beneath that of China. The Accompaniment is belted by Pakistan, Afghanistan and China from the West to the East. The Accompaniment is able-bodied affiliated with blow of the country by air, abuse and alley . The Indian Airlines and clandestine airlines accomplish approved flights to Srinagar, Jammu and Leh. The Civic Highway 1-A connects the basic cities of Srinagar and Jammu with blow of the country.
Brief History of Jammu & Kashmir
Kashmir is mentioned in the ballsy Mahabharata. In 250 BC, Ashoka, the abundant Mauryan king, accustomed the burghal of Pandrethan and congenital abounding viharas and chaityas. This says abundant about the cardinal accent that this arena captivated alike in that time. Some sources affirmation that Buddha additionally visited this region, admitting no affidavit is accessible to validate this theory. Kanishka, the abundant Kushana king, alleged the Third Buddhist Council at Harwan, abreast Srinagar, in the aboriginal aeon AD. This Council saw the analysis of Buddhism in two audible streams alleged Hinayana and Mahayana. Kalhana, the aboriginal Indian history writer, gave a active annual of the history of Kashmir afore the 10th aeon AD. Bounded kingdoms disqualified abundantly in this arena until the 12th aeon AD back Muslims invaded the region. The greatest Muslim baron of aboriginal medieval age in Kashmir was Zain-ul-Abidin, who ascended the head in AD 1420 and disqualified up to 1470. His continued aphorism contributed abundantly to the advance of art, culture, music, and every added apple in the activity of Kashmir people. He additionally created a able army and annexed abounding regions adjacent Kashmir. These were the time of aureate aphorism in Kashmir back accord and accord prevailed. Afterwards the afterlife of Baron Zain-ul-Abidin, a aeon of abolition came calling to Kashmir and abounding raiders from alfresco looted the accompaniment and fabricated the bodies and bounded rulers their captive.
In 1587, Akbar annexed Kashmir into his all-inclusive empire. Jahangir, son of Akbar and abutting Mughal ruler, visited Kashmir 13 times and created two admirable area on the coffer of Dal Lake, namely, the Shalimar Bagh and Nishat Bagh. Afterwards two centuries of accord and development, Kashmir came into the easily of the Pathans in 1752, back the Afghan adjudicator Abdul Shah Abdali attacked this arena on the appeal of bounded noblemen. In 1819, the Sikhs beneath Maharaja Ranjit Singh annexed this region, but their authority remained in abode alone for 27 years. From 1846 to 1957, the Dogras disqualified over this arena back British defeated Ranjit Singh and handed over the administering of this arena to Maharaja Gulab Singh.
Districts� of Jammu & Kashmir The Indian accompaniment of Jammu and Kashmir is disconnected into 14 districts – Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Doda, Jammu, Kargil, Kathua, Kupwara, Leh, Poonch, Pulwama, Rajouri, Srinagar and Udhampur
Jammu & Kashmir Travel Information
Srinagar is an age-old burghal and has abounding attractions that can allure alike the best afraid of tourists to this bewitched land. Dal Lake, Nishat Bagh, Shalimar Bagh, and Chashme Shahi are some of the best-known day-tripper atom in Srinagar. Jammu is the winter basic of the accompaniment and abutting in accent afterwards Srinagar. Best of the tourists who appear to the Jammu arena accept the Mata Vaishno Devi altar as their destination, which is absolutely abutting by. However, the spirit of asceticism permeates through the absolute city, so abundant so that Jammu is additionally accepted as the ‘City of Temples’. If Bahu Mata is the authoritative celestial of Jammu, the dargah of Peer Budhan Ali Shah is the added altar that is believed to assure the bounded people. The added above day-tripper allure is the Raghunath Temple Complex, which is the bigger temple in Arctic India adherent to Lord Rama. The architecture of this temple was amorphous by Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1851 and completed by his son Ranbir Singh six years later. The temple of Maha Kali (better accepted as Bahu or Bawey Wali Mata), amid in the Bahu Fort, is advised additional alone to Mata Vaishno Devi in agreement of mystical power. The temple was congenital anon afterwards the accession of Maharaja Gulab Singh in 1822. Added temples in the burghal accommodate the Gauri Kund Temple, Shudh Mahadev Temple, Shiva Temple, Peer Khoh Cave Temple, Ranbireshwar Temple, and the Parmandal Temple Complex.
The best beauteous armpit in Jammu is the Sheesh Mahal. The Pink Hall of the alcazar now houses the Dogra Art Museum, which has miniature paintings of the assorted acropolis schools. The building additionally has the handwritten Persian manuscripts of the Shahnama and Sikandernama. The alcazar was already the aristocratic abode of the Dogra kings. Congenital as a accumulation of barrio about a courtyard, the alcazar has a advantageous actualization of river Tawi on one ancillary and the burghal on the other. The Amar Mahal Alcazar Building is a admirable alcazar of red sandstone, which stands amidst the best arresting bound of Jammu. It offers a admirable actualization of the Shivaliks in the arctic and the river Tawi in the south. This was already the residential alcazar of Raja Amar Singh, but now it has been adapted into a museum. The building has a aureate head fabricated of 120 kg of authentic gold. A amusement for those absorbed in history is the boondocks of Akhnoor, 32 km southwest of Jammu. Standing on the banks of the boss river Chenab, the boondocks tells the adverse account of the lovers Sohni and Mahiwal. Along the bank are the majestic charcoal of the Indus Valley Acculturation that are of abundant absolute importance. Patnitop, abreast the Vaishno Devi Temple, is fast acceptable a active acropolis abject and a acceptable abode to adore the attributes in its eternity. Ladakh is home to the boyhood Buddhist association in the state. They accept preserved their altered ability for the accomplished hundreds of years. Leh is the address of this region. The above credibility of allure are the Leh Palace, Namgyal Tsemo Gompa, Sankar Gompa, Shanti Stupa, and Soma Gompa.
Rivers of Jammu & Kashmir Capital Rivers in Jammu and Kashmir are Galquit River, Jhelum River, Shajsqem River, Shikar(South) River, Zanskar river and Khurana River .
Apprenticeship in Jammu & Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir is the alone accompaniment area apprenticeship is chargeless up to university stage. Seasonal schools accept been opened for bodies in the arresting areas and for the appointed castes. Yet the accompaniment is educationally backward. Against the civic articulacy amount of 75.96% for males and 54.28% for females, the accompaniment has a articulacy amount of alone 65.74% for males and 41.82% for females respectively. On the abstruse apprenticeship side, there are two bounded engineering colleges in the state. In addition, there are four polytechnics to admit abstruse training. Commune institutes of apprenticeship accept been opened in all the districts of the accompaniment to accommodate all-encompassing and accelerated training to the teachers.
The Kashmiris are amorous about their aliment and accepted for ambrosial meat dishes and the aerial acidity of saffron. Meat actuality the staple, best of the appropriate dishes accept mutton as a above ingredient. Nahari, a appropriate breakfast dish, is a bouillon of trotters and tongue, acclimatized with cassia buds, cardamom, sandalwood powder, vetiver roots and broiled rose petals. The sheermal aliment goes able-bodied with this stew. The methi maz, on the added hand, is a superb alloy of mild-tasting belly and strong-flavored fenugreek leaves. Tracing its roots to Kashmir is the ever-popular rogan josh, which is spiced lamb adapted in yogurt and aniseed, a aroma not absolute frequently acclimated in added bounded cuisines. While tabak maz is spiced ribs absurd to crispiness, for the qorma, a agilely acerb buttery dish, accept of lamb and appendage are adapted in milk and broiled apricots, and the yakhni uses acerbate as the abject for its sauce. Rista, the aboriginal gravy bowl to accomplish its actualization in a wazwan, is a meatball of formed lamb that is cottony in texture. Afterwards a accomplished ambit of dishes comes the gushtaba, a behemothic meatball fabricated of the same, formed meat, adapted in a acerbate based gravy. A semolina pudding sometimes follows the capital courses of the wazwan, but there are not too abounding candied dishes in the Kashmiri repertoire. However, a altered preparation, served to activate the aperture afterwards the wazwan, is the gota-a admixture of aniseed, amoroso candy, $.25 of supari, coarsely grated attic and kernels of muskmelon seeds.
Arts & Ability of Jammu & Kashmir
Kashmiri affairs is essentially, irrespective of the differing religious beliefs, apathetic paced. The ability has been affluent abundant to reflect the religious assortment as tribes bless anniversary that alter them from their contrarily banausic way of life.
While the Kashmir has been the accomplished acquirements centermost of Sanskrit and Persian area aboriginal Indo-Aryanic acculturation has originated and flourished, it has additionally been all-embracing point of appearance of Islam bringing its bend finest traditions of Persian civilization, tolerance, alliance and sacrifice. Ladakh on the added hand, has been the accomplished and active centermost of Tantrayan Buddhism. Jammu, the aforementioned way, has been the bench of Rajas and Maharajas, which accept anchored and accomplished the cultural, absolute and amusing bonds of all these assorted indigenous and linguistic capacity of the state. The age-old archeological monuments and debris allege aggregate of the commune cultural traditions of the state.
Music & Ball of Jammu & Kashmir
Kashmiris are accepted to adore their music in its assorted bounded forms and the dress of both sexes is absolutely colorful. The Dumhal is a acclaimed ball in Kashmir, performed by men of the Wattal region. The women accomplish the Rouff, addition folk dance.
Festivals of Jammu & Kashmir
The Hemis Anniversary is captivated in the ages of July back tourists in ample numbers assemble actuality from all over the apple to watch the acclaimed masked dances. The music is artlessly alternate with sounds of cymbals, drums and long, bulky trumpets. The masked dancers move about slowly, absolute slowly, and the best basic allotment of the ball is the masks and not so abundant the absolute movements of the dance. The dances end with Acceptable vanquishing Angry and the angry one is brought into the careful bend of Buddhism.
Like the Hemis festival, monasteries like Lamayuru, Thiksey, Spitook, Likir and abounding others additionally accept their alone festivals. Since they chase the lunar calendar, the absolute dates of the festivals alter from one year to another. Added than these religious celebrations, Ladakh has additionally been host to a 15-day anniversary anniversary year to accompany advanced the abounding nuances of this affluent and alien ability that is appropriate to this aerial allotment of the world. The Jammu and Kashmir tourism administration organizes the Ladakh Anniversary in the ages of September bringing advanced the region’s folk dances, art and craft, antic contest and rituals.
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Recipes Urdu Methi – Recipes Urdu Methi
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